Development - June 12, 2021

What is CFD Trading and How Does It Work? - EnclaveFX

Are you into financial markets, such as the stock market, foreign exchange, or even cryptocurrencies? Are you confident about your speculation game? Are you looking to make profits from the change in assets’ values without actually buying them? Answered ‘yes’ to any of the questions above? Congratulations. You have landed on the right page! 

This much-hyped derivative contract in financial markets is applicable in the stock market, indices, forex pairs, and even cryptocurrencies, allowing us to speculate the rise and fall of a particular asset, usually over a short time, without actually buying them.

The blog entails every possible aspect of the concept of a contract for difference (CFD). Read on to find out.

What is CFD?

A CFD is a financial contract that allows two parties to agree to trade financial assets based on the price difference between their entry and closing prices. In this agreement, the buyer agrees to pay the seller the difference between the asset’s current value and its value at the time of the contract. 

If the closing trade price is higher than the opening trade price, the seller compensates the buyer for the difference, and the buyer will profit. Likewise, if the current asset price at the exit price is lower than the value at the contract’s opening, the seller will profit.

How does a CFD work?

Solely used by traders, CFDs do not require the delivery of items or securities. The underlying asset is never truly owned by a CFD investor; instead, the investor earns revenue based on the asset’s price fluctuations.  

If a trader who has purchased a CFD notices that the asset’s price has increased, they will sell their position. The difference between the prices is added together to get the net difference. The net difference representing a profit is settled through the investor’s brokerage account. However, if the trader believes the asset’s value will fall, they can open a sell position. The loss is then settled in cash through their account. 

Country-wise regulations

In the United States, CFD contracts are not permitted. However, many major trading countries, including the United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Singapore, Spain, France, South Africa, Canada, New Zealand, Hong Kong, Sweden, Norway, Italy, Thailand, Belgium, Denmark, and the Netherlands, accept them on listed, over-the-counter (OTC) markets. Are you a US citizen? Open a CFD trading account today!

The Costs of CFDs 

The costs of trading CFDs include:

  • Commission
  • Financing cost
  • Difference between the bid price
  • Offer price

Trading FX pairs and commodities normally carry no commission. However, brokers usually charge a commission for stocks. Traders are normally charged interest for each day the position is kept open.

Advantages of CFDs 


  • Higher Leverage

CFDs offer a greater degree of leverage. Lower margin requirements mean less capital and higher potential rewards for the trader. 

  • Global Market Access 

Many CFD brokers offer goods in the world’s major markets. They can be traded on a variety of global markets by investors.

  • No Shorting Rules or Borrowing Stock

CFD can be shorted at any time without borrowing costs because the traders don’t own the underlying assets. 

  • Professional Execution With No Fees 

CFD brokers offer the same trading schemes as traditional brokers; however, traditional brokers often charge commission fees. 

  • No Day Trading Requirements 

Certain marketplaces have minimum capital requirements or limit the number of day trades. These limits do not apply to the CFD market, and all account holders can trade round the clock. 

  • Variety of Trading Opportunities 

Variety of trading options such as stock, index, treasury, currency are available through which speculators can trade CFDs instead of using exchanges. 

Disadvantages of CFDs


  • Weak Industry Regulation 

The reliability of a CFD broker is determined by its reputation, longevity, and financial condition rather than its government status or liquidity. A background check is necessary to find out the best CFD trading broker.

  • Risks 

There are liquidity risks as well as leverage risks; hence, constant attention is required.

Contact us to open CFD trading account today!